Passive Houses: A New Concept Of Ecological Housing
It is crucial that architects adopt projects to intelligent design and the evolution of technology, seeking a much more efficient conception of bioclimatic conditions.
Architectural design seeks that a passive house is based on supporting design in the natural resources provided by geography and climate to control the interior comfort conditions of buildings.
The distribution of a condo near Chao Phraya River (คอนโด ติดแม่น้ําเจ้าพระยา, which is the term in Thai) will always depend on the local conditions of the place, seeking to take advantage of the weather conditions, either ventilation or heating, as the case may be.
Characteristics Of Passive Houses
The passive house concept can support different types of buildings, taking advantage of different construction systems. The characteristics that a house must have to be included within the group of passive houses are summarized in:
- Bioclimatic Design
The design of construction must take into account when planning the work, the climate and the orientation to take advantage of the sun’s rays, that is, to achieve this type of housing it is necessary for the architect to carefully study the conditions of the location, geography and climate.
- Thermal And Acoustic Insulation
This type of home is characterized by saving up to 30% of the energy that is normally wasted due to the lack of its systems to insulate the building thermally. In fact, between 20% and 30% of energy can be lost through elements such as doors or windows with low thermal insulation quality. Additionally, the implementation of a correctly located window allows dust, pollen or other allergenic agents not to enter the home, allowing a healthy environment, without allergies or diseases derived from unwanted external agents.
- Correct Ventilation
An essential element is a ventilation since it allows you to renew the air. Maintaining appropriate levels of interior comfort implies controlling the exchange between interior and exterior, as the case may be by geographic location. The appropriate levels of interior comfort generate an adequate experience in living, since natural ventilation is a good strategy to maintain a pleasant temperature inside a home, either in winter or in summer.